Cities can identify opportunities for innovation and efficiency to diminish the causes of climate change. To accomplish this goal, climate action planning is crucial. However, planning can become complex for several reasons.
Wee Kean Fong, Senior Associate at the Greenhouse Gas Protocol, Climate and Energy Program at the “World Resource Institute” states,
“There are two actions that need to happen simultaneously: adaptation and mitigation,” Fong said. “This is quite different from the traditional geospatial planning approach used for urban development planning.”
Seven points to reducing GHG emissions, adapt to climate change and build local climate resilience,
- Establish the overall vision for climate-change mitigation and adaptation
- Secure political commitment to achieve the vision
- Develop a communications plan
- Secure multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral support
- Address the city’s mitigation and adaptation issues and set clear goals
- Identify and prioritize actions
- Develop a plan for implementation
UN-Habitat’s Cities and Climate Change Initiative (CCCI) seeks to enhance the preparedness and mitigation activities of cities in developing countries. It emphasizes good governance, responsibility, leadership, and practical initiatives for local governments, communities, and citizens. Building on UN-Habitat’s long experience in sustainable urban development, the Cities and Climate Change Initiative helps counterparts to develop and implement pro-poor and innovative climate change policies and strategies. CCCI also is developing a suite of tools to support city leaders and practitioners in addressing the impact of climate change (adaptation) and to help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation).